Flat Plan (Flats)
Drawing of the flats for a journal showing imposition and demonstrating colors.
Size of product before folding, but after printing and trimming.
Technique of printing on a web press using rubber or synthetic plates with raised images.
Complete printing of a sheet with an ink or varnish.
Cover trim to the same size as inner pages.
Leaf, at the front and back of a casebound book that is the one side of the end paper not glued to the case.
Used in creation type more clear by lowering density of an image.
To foil stamp and imprint an image.
Synonym: heat stamp .
Process of printing that liberates foil from its support when stamped with the heated die. Synonyms: Block print, hot foil stamp, stamp
A bindery machine used to folding printed materials.
Markings indicating where a fold is to occur with printed matter located at the top boundaries.
Gatefold sheet restrict into a publication which is used for a map or chart.
Synonyms: Gatefold and Pullout
Folio (page number)
Page number in a publication.
Every side of a signature.
Organization of a printed product or layout i.e. size, style, shape etc.
Lightweight bond made for business forms. It is easy to perforate.
Synonym: Register bond.
Roller to come in contact with the printing plate.
For Position Only
Low-priced copies of photos or art used on mechanical to indicate placement and scaling not intended for reproduction.
The binding process in which folding, rounding, backing, head banding and reinforcing are included.
Sputter or container in a printing press, to facilitate fluids like ink, varnish or water. Synonyms: Duct
Combination of water and chemicals that dampens a printing plate to avoid ink from adhering to the nonimage area.
Synonym: Dampener solution .
Four-color Process Printing
Technique of printing that uses magenta, cyan, yellow, and black to create full-color images.
Synonyms: Color process printing, Full color printing, and Process printing .
Paper made from ripe wood fibers along with chemicals and washed free of impurities.
A one side printed sheet, folded with two right angle folds to form a four page uncut section.
Halftone varies from 0 % coverage in its highlights to 100% coverage in its shadows.
Black partition made to have dots throughout the complete tonal range of the image.
Synonyms: Full-range black.
Confirmation of type from any Source of metal type or photo type.
To replicate two or more different printed products at the same time on one sheet of paper during one press run.
A sheet which fold up where both sides fold toward the trough in partly cover layers.
Signature pulls together next to each other in the proper sequence for binding
Common halftone whose thickness has been reduced to produce a very soft image.
Phenomenon of appearing printed image too light because of ink malnourishment.
Gold leafing of the edges of a book in the book arena.
Light reflecting on various objects in the printing industry through paper, ink, laminates, UV coating, varnish etc.
Ink used and printed on coated stock for instance the ink will dry without diffusion.
Generic term used to differentiate among printing papers e.g. rating, category, class, finish or brand of paper
Graduated Screen Tint
Screen dye that changes thickness gradually and smoothly.
Major direction in which fibers in paper become associated during built-up.
Grain Long Paper
Fibers of paper run similar to the long dimension of the sheet.
Grain Short Paper
Paper whose fibers run simultaneously to the short dimension of the sheet.
Weight of paper in grams per square meter (g/sm).
Industries, crafts, and professions associated with designing and printing on paper and other substrates.
Graphic Arts Film
Film whose emulsion give up high contrast images suitable for reproduction by a printing press.
Collection of kind and illustration elements along with specifications for paper, ink colors and printing processes that, when combined, convey a visual message.
illustration elements that supplement type to make printed messages more clear or interesting.
Printing process using metal cylinders etched with millions of tiny wells that hold ink.
Printed cyan, magenta and yellow halftone dots that accurately, reproduce a neutral gray image.
Gray Component Replacement
Technique of replacing gray tones in the yellow, cyan and magenta films with black ink.
Quantity of diverse gray tones that can be repeat by a computer.
Band of gray values vary from white to black.
Synonym term for strapping edge when referring to ideal bound products
More or less 3 mm along the spinal column that is ground off gathered signatures before perfect binding.
Border of a sheet held by grippers on a sheetfed press, so going first through the press.
Reasonably priced paper made from pulp created when wood chips are ground mechanically rather than refined chemically.
Unit of measurement for weight of paper. (grams per square meter).
Inside boundaries toward the backside of the binding edges.
Refer to very small space, thin line or close register, depending on who is using the term and in what situation.
Black division made to have spot only in the shade and midtones.
Take photograph or scan a continuous tone image to convert the image into halftone dot.
Part of film or glass containing a framework of lines that split light into dots.
Faded shade sometimes neighboring halftone dots printed.
Halftone dots with no halos or soft edges, as compared to soft dots.
Mechanical including paper and acetate and made using paste-up techniques as compared to electro mechanical.
Margin at the top of a page.
Imposition with tops of pages facing bottoms of other pages.
Web press operational with a range to dry ink, thus able to print coated paper.
Defect in printing which is mainly visible in areas of heavy ink coverage, caused by dust on the plate.
Color replicates using six, eight or twelve separations compared to four-color process.
Photo whose most important details come into view in the highlights
Lightest segments of a photograph or halftone, as compared to midtones and shadows.
Ideal bound cover scored 1/8 inch from the spine so it folds along the edge of the spine. at the hinge.
Paper reserved in stock by a printer and fit for a variety of printing jobs.
Relate to a specific color for instance yellow or green.
The real area on the printed stuff that is not limited to ink coverage.
Laser output device use by means of photosensitive paper or film.
Display of pages on flats or mechanicals with proper arrangement so they will appear in proper sequence after press sheets are folded and bound.
Speed of a press i.e. one impression equals one press sheet passing once through the press.
Cylinder that pushes paper against the plate or blanket on a press, thus outline the image.
To print modified copy on an earlier printed sheet.
Relationship of the thickness and dot gains of process inks to each other.
Tank on a printing press that holds ink.
Feature of paper that averts it from absorbing ink, consequently allowing ink to dry on the surface of the paper.
Ink Jet Printing
Printing method which use spraying droplet of ink through computer-controlled nozzles.
Form whose images all appear inside the folded signature.
Division of an agency, business or association that does printing for main organization.
An additional item positioned into the publication loose Inside a publication.
Printing process whose representation carriers are surfaces with two levels, having inked areas lower than noninked areas.
Printed pages freely put in a publication.
A number assigned to a published work and usually found either on the title page or the back of the title page. Considered an International Standard Book Number.