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Glossary

Acetate

Placing over a transparent sheet on original, permit the writer to write instructions and indicate a second color for placement

Acid-free Paper

A paper made from pulp containing a very slight or acid-free so it resists corrosion. It can also be called as neutral alkaline paper, pH paper, and archival paper.

Acid Resist

A coating which protects metal plates from acid, it applies before printing.

Additive Color

A color produced by falling light on surface. The main additive colors are red, green and blue.

  A4 Paper

ISO standard paper size used for letterhead. Its size is 210 x 297 mm

Against the Grain

At right angle to the direction of grain of the paper being used.

Airbrush

A tool shaped like pen. It sprays fine vapors of paint to touch up photos.

Alteration

Any alteration by the customer after copy or artwork has been given to the service bureau, separator or printer.

Anodized Plate

Equalize printing plate containing a extravagance surface in order to reduce wear for extended use.

Anti-offset Powder

Light spray of superior powder over the printed surface of coated paper as sheets leave a press.

Antique Paper

Paper having rough finishing on offset paper

Aqueous Coating

Covering in a water base and applied like ink by a printing press to protect and enhance the printing beneath.

Artwork

Genuine copy intended for printing including type, photos and illustrations.

  Author's Alterations (AA's)

Changes that the client requests at the proofing stage to be made concerning original art provided.

B

  Back Up

To print the other side of an already one-side printed sheet.

Base Art

Copy inserting up on the increasing oar of a mechanical, as compared to overlay art.

Base Negative

Negative made by base photographic art.

Basic Size

The standard size of paper sheets used to calculate basic weight in the United States and Canada.

Basis Weight

The weight of one square meter of paper in grams in countries using ISO paper sizes.

Bind

Joining of paper leafs together with the help of glue, wires or other means.

Bindery

Department of printing company that; assemble, folding and decoration various printing projects.

Blank

A paperboard which vary in thickness from 15 to 48 points

Blanket

Pad with coating of rubber, mounted on a cylinder of an offset press, that receives the inked image from the plate and transfers it to the surface to be printed.

Bleed

Printing that extend to the edge of a sheet after trimming

Blind Folio

A page without page number.

Blind Image

Stamped or embossed image not printed with ink or foil.

Blocking

Sticking of printed sheets causing damage when the surfaces of printed sheets are separated.

Blow-Up

Enlargement of graphic images or photographs

Blueline

Prepress pictorial proof made from exposed negatives where all colors show as blue images on white paper.

Blurb

Description of material inside book usually printed on book jacket.

Board Paper

It is general term for paper over 200 gsm, 110# index or 80# cover. It is commonly used for products like file post cards, folders etc. It is also called paperboard.

Body

All text of work except the headlines

Boiler Plate

Blocks of cyclical type used and copied over and over again.

Bond paper

Common class of paper generally used for writing, printing and photocopying.

Book Block

Folded signatures draw together, sewn and trim, but not yet enclosed.

Book Paper

Group of paper suitable for magazines, catalogs, books, advertising and common printing needs.

Border

The attractive design which surrounds material of page.

Bounce

Customer not satisfied with the results of a printing project and refuses the project.

Bristol Paper

It is a general term of 6 points or thicker paper with basis weight between 90# and 200# (200-500 gsm). Generally used for products like displays, index cards and file folders.

Broadside

Work printed on one of a big sheet of paper.

Bromide

A graphic print formed on bromide paper.

Broken Carton

Paper Carton from which some of the sheets have been sold.

Bronzing

The effect produced by filth wet ink after printing and using a clanging powder.

Build a Color

To extend beyond two or more screen tints to create a new color.

Bulk

Relation of thickness and basic weight of paper

Bullet

A marking to highlight text.

Burst Perfect Bind

To bind by compelling glue into notch along the backbone of gathered signatures before attaching a paper cover.

Butt Register

Register where ink colors meet exactly without overlapping or allowing space.

Buy Out

To delegate for a service that is closely related to the business of the organization.

C

C1S and C2S

Short form representation of coated one side (C1S) and coated two sides (C2S).

Calender

Making the surface of paper smooth, by compress it between rollers during manufacturing.

Caliper

Thickness of paper expressed in thousands of an inch, pages per inch, pages per centimeter, thousand of a millimeter.

Camera-ready Copy

Mechanicals, photographs and art, fully prepared for copy of the printing process according to the technical requirements being used.

Camera Service

Using a process camera to make halftones, Photostats, plates and other elements for printing.

Carbonless Paper

Paper layered with element that enables transfer of typed images from one sheet to another.

Carload

Promotion unit of paper, that may weigh anywhere from 20,000 to 100,000 pounds.

Carton

Selling element of paper, weighing approximately 150 pounds.

Case

Wrap and spine that surround the pages of a casebound book.

Case Bind

To bind by means of glue to hold signatures to a case made of binder board covered with plastic, fabric, or leather.

Cast-coated Paper

High gloss, coated paper made by pressing the paper against a hot and polished metal drum while the coating is still wet.

Catalog Paper

Coated paper of weight 50 to 75 gsm, commonly used for magazines and catalogs.

Chain Dot

Common term for any midtone dots whose corners touch.

Chain Lines

Lines caused by tracking, blemishes on printed images.

Chalking

Oxidization of a printed image caused by ink that suck up into paper too fast or has long expose to sun and wind, building printed images look dusty.

Check Copy

Finished and correctly bound production copy of a publication verified by the customer as printed,

Choke

Technique of shrinking the size of an image to create an outline.

Chrome

Strength of a color as compared to neutral gray.

Close Up

A blot used to indicate closing space between characters or words.

CMYK

It is acronym for cyan, magenta, yellow and key (black), the four process colors.

Coarse Screen

Halftone screen with verdict of 65, 85 or 100 lines per inch

Coated Paper

Paper with a covering of clay or other substances that improves reflectivity and ink holdout. Mainly available in four major categories i.e. cast, gloss, dull and matte.

Collate

Organization of printed matter in a specific order as per request.

Collating Marks

Particular marks on the back of signatures indicating exact position in the collating stage.

Color Balance

Amount of process colors that replicate the colors of the original scene or photograph.

Color Blanks

Press sheets having photos or illustrations without type.

Color Break

The point, line or space at which one ink color stops and another begins in multicolor printing.

Color Cast

An unwanted color which affects full or partial image.

Color Correct

To regulate the association among the primary colors to achieve desirable colors

Color Curves

Instructions in computer software that allow users to change or correct colors. Also called HLS and HVS tables.

Color Electronic Prepress System

Computer hardware and software designed for image assembly, color correction, retouching and output onto proofing materials, film or printing plates.

Color Key

A generic term for any overlies color proof.

Color Model

Way of categorizing and describing the infinite array of colors found in nature.

Color Separation

Order in which inks are printed.

Color Shift

It is change in image color due to changes in ink densities, register or dot gain during four-color process printing.

Color Transparency

Transparent film which is used as art to carry out color separations.

Comb Bind

To bind by inserting the teeth of a flexible plastic comb through holes punched along the edge of a stack of paper.

Commercial Printer

A printer which print a variety of products such as posters, brochures, business forms, announcements, magazines, booklets and stationery.

Complementary Flat(s)

The supplementary flat(s) used when making multiple film or for two or more burns on single printing plate.

Composite Film

Film made by merging images from multiple parts of working film onto one film for making one plate.

Composite Proof

It is also called as stripping proof, imposition proof and final proof. It is proof of color separations in place with graphics and form.

Composition

The arrangement of graphics, type and other elements on the page.

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